Ordinarily, distributions by a personal holding company qualify for the dividends paid deduction only if they are "dividends" under section 316. However, certain distributions in liquidation may also qualify. These liquidating distributions of a personal holding company are divided into two categories: (1) Distributions to the extent of earnings and profits for the taxable year (computed without regard to capital losses) made in complete liquidation of the corporation occurring within 24 months after the adoption of the plan of liquidation; and (2) distributions in liquidation properly chargeable to earnings and profits accumulated after February 28, 1913.
Elliott H. Kajan & Martin C. Spector, Some Problems in Liquidating Personal Holding Companies, 14 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 391 (1965)