Soon after it had been determined by the courts that management functions could be delegated by corporation boards of directors, it became a frequent practice in business and nonprofit corporations to delegate these functions to a small, active group of directors, known as the executive committee. Boards of directors cannot be expected to be in session continually, and certainly the affairs of a corporation require constant supervision by some directing body. This paper is particularly concerned with consideration of the extent to which the managerial function of the board of directors can be properly delegated to an executive committee.
Nancy F. Halliday, Corporation Executive Committees, 16 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 167 (1967)