The focus for this discussion is the hospital as a corporate institution and its liability for injuries caused a patient or visitor. The fundamental question is: What legal duties does the hospital and its personnel owe the patient or the visitor? To attempt an answer to this question one must first have an understanding of the role and nature of a hospital in modern society.
Arthur F. Southwick, The Hospital's New Responsibility, 17 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 146 (1968)