This paper is concerned with the judiciary's role in influencing both the procedure and substance of one particular aspect of foreign policy, namely, the passport policy of the State Department. That a decision regarding passports is a foreign policy decision has long been advanced by the President and Secretary of State. It is generally accepted that the issuance and regulation of passports is an integral part of the general conduct of American foreign relation
Judicial Control over Passport Policy,
20 Clev. St. L. Rev.
available at https://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/clevstlrev/vol20/iss2/7