Thus, it has been suggested that mandatory maternity leave regulations, which are in force in many American school systems today, are a ". . . manifestation of [this] cultural sex role conditioning . ... " It is only recently that the power of the school boards to make these rules requiring teachers to take leaves of absence after a certain month of pregnancy have been challenged in our courts. The first two cases raising this issue were La Fleur v. Cleveland Bd. of Educ.3 and Cohen v. Chesterfield County School Bd.4 in May 1971. Since then, there have been a steady flow of cases testing the legality of these regulations.

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