The central argument advanced in this Note is that a loss of chance should be recognized as an independent injury. This approach best serves the policy of the new loss of chance doctrine, and it avoids the very significant doctrinal problems that arise if the alternative approach is taken, which is to treat the compensability of lost chances as merely a relaxation of traditional tort law causation requirements. The primary focus of this Note is on the loss of a less-than-even chance of recovery or survival, wherein a victim will be entitled to damages resulting from the negligent reduction of the chance of avoiding adverse physical consequences that followed the defendant's negligent act or omission.

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