This article focuses on Title IX and women's continuing struggle to secure equal opportunity on the playing fields. But athletics is not unique. Indeed, the lessons of Title IX in athletics, its importance to women and girls, and how the law has been shaped over the years by advocacy in each branch of government, apply to all the fields of endeavor that still remain only partially available to the young women of this nation. Women and girls continue to lag behind in the STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) fields, remain clustered in “traditionally female” programs such as cosmetology that prepare them for low-wage careers, and are still treated like second-class citizens on the playing fields.


Symposium: Celebrating Thirty-Five Years of Sport and Title IX