The Federal Tort Claims Act is a partial waiver of sovereign immunity. In Rayonier, Incorporated v. United States, the United States Supreme Court stated: "The purpose of the Federal Tort Claims Act was to waive the government's traditional all encompassing immunity from tort action and to establish novel and unprecedented governmental liability." This legislation does not create a new cause of action, but merely means that the United States is liable for certain negligent acts in the same manner as is anyone else.
FTCA in a Nutshell, 7 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 106 (1958)