The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 expressly recognizes in Section One that atomic energy is capable of application for peaceful purposes as well as military uses. The Act also provides that United policy is to direct the development, use, and control of atomic energy so as to make the maximum contribution to the general welfare, promote world peace, improve the general welfare, increase the standard of living, and strengthen free competition in private enterprise. These objectives are subject at all times to the paramount objective of maximum contribution to the common defense and security. The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 also stresses the necessity of regulating the processing and utilisation of source, byproduct, and special nuclear material, and facilitates for the production and utilization of source, byproduct, and special nuclear material, and facilities for the production and utilization of atomic energy. Such regulation is deemed necessary in the national interest to assure the common defense and security and protect the health and safety of the public.
Paul C. Aebersold & Gerald L. Hutton, Federal Regulation of Atomic Energy Activities, 7 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 77 (1958)