Anesthesiology is the youngest of the medical specialties. Born of surgical parents, it was nurtured through its infancy by well-meaning and dedicated physicians. Even now this specialty is one of the most litigated fields of medicine, rivaling radiology, surgery, and plastic surgery. This, however, is at best a dubious distinction. Considering the nature of the specialty, one can easily understand the reason. In the hands of the anesthesiologist rests the life of every patient undergoing a surgical operation.
Carl E. Wasmuth, Anesthesiology and the Law - In the Long View, 9 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 234 (1960)