Let us start our discussion by indicating a frame of reference for the comments we wish to give about civil rights. Our discussion will relate primarily to patients, who have been hospitalized for the observation and treatment of mental illness. It is also based on the statutes in Ohio and on the practice in the courts and more especially in the receiving hospitals and state hospitals in Ohio. The receiving hospitals admit a high percentage of voluntary patients, whereas the state hospitals admit patients who have been committed.
Ewing H. Crawfis, Civil Rights and Mental Hospital Administration, 9 Clev.-Marshall L. Rev. 417 (1960)