A mediator-less immunodetection method for microorganisms is realized by incorporating the newly developed field-effect enzymatic detection (FEED) technique with the conventional electrochemical immunosensing approach. The gating voltage of FEED facilitates the transduction of electrical signal through the bulky immune complex so that the detection does not rely on the use of mediators or other diffusional substances. The voltage-controlled intrinsic amplification provided by the detection system allows detection in low-concentration samples without target pre-enrichment, leading to ultrasensitive and rapid detection. The detection approach is demonstrated with E. coliO157:H7, a model microorganism, in milk with an estimated detection limit of 20 CFU mL−1 (where CFU is a colony-forming unit) without performing sample pre-enrichment and centrifugation of sample followed by the resuspension of the pellet in a buffer solution, resulting in a significantly shortened assay time of 67 min. Optimizing the gating voltage resulted in the detection of 12 CFU mL−1 of the bacterium in milk. The novel detection approach can be used as a detection platform for ultrasensitive, specific and rapid detection of microorganism pathogens.
Wang, Jiapeng; Xu, Yan; and Yau, Siu-Tung, "Mediator-less immunodetection with voltage-controlled intrinsic amplification for ultrasensitive and rapid detection of microorganism pathogens" (2014). Electrical Engineering & Computer Science Faculty Publications. 311.
J. Wang and S. Yau, "Detection of alpha-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase in Serum and Urine Using a Highly Sensitive Electrochemical Immunodetector," Electroanalysis, vol. 26, pp. 1441-1444, 2014.
This is the accepted version of the following article: J. Wang and S. Yau, "Detection of alpha-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase in Serum and Urine Using a Highly Sensitive Electrochemical Immunodetector," Electroanalysis, vol. 26, pp. 1441-1444, 2014. , which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/celc.201300180/abstract