Title

Lead Optimization of Selective Tubulin Inhibitors As Anti-Trypanosomal Agents

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-15-2019

Publication Title

Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry

Abstract

Previously synthesized tubulin inhibitors showed promising in vitro selectivity and activity against Human African Trypanosomiasis. Current aim is to improve the ligand efficiency and reduce overall hydrophobicity of the compounds, by lead optimization. Via combinatorial chemistry, 60 new analogs were synthesized. For biological assay Trypanosoma brucei brucei Lister 427 cell line were used as the parasite model and for the host model human embryonic kidney cell line HEK-293 and mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 were used to test efficacy. Of the newly synthesized compounds 5, 39, 40, and 57 exhibited IC s below 5 µM inhibiting the growth of trypanosome cells and not harming the mammalian cells at equipotent concentration. Comparably, the newly synthesized compounds have a reduced amount of aromatic moieties resulting in a decrease in molecular weight. Due to importance of tubulin polymerization during protozoan life cycle its activity was assessed by western blot analyses. Our results indicated that compound 5 had a profound effect on tubulin function. A detailed structure activity relationship (SAR) was summarized that will be used to guide future lead optimization. 50

Comments

This research was supported by the grant 2R15AI 103889-02 (B.Su), Center for Gene Regulation in Health and Disease (GRHD) ofCleveland State University, and NIH instrumental grant(1S10OD025252-01).AppendixA. Supp

DOI

10.1016/j.bmc.2019.02.049

Volume

27

Issue

8

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