Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
A sandwich electrochemical enzyme immunoassay with flow injection analysis for the model antigen mouse IgG has been developed with alkaline phosphatase as the enzyme label. The enzyme substrate, 4-aminophenyl phosphate and its enzymatic reaction product, 4-aminophenol have been studied by cyclic and hydrodynamic voltammetry. The determination of 4-aminophenol by flow injection analysis with electrochemical detection (FIAEC) has a linear range of 5.0 × 10−8 to 1.0 × 10−5 M, a detection limit of 2.4 × 10−8 M, and a sample throughput of 72 samples/h. The detection limit is set by a background capacitance response, which depends on the ionic strength difference between the sample and the mobile phase. The sandwich immunoassay has been characterized with respect to substrate concentration for the enzymatic reaction, detection limit, dynamic range and sources of error. Mouse IgG can be determined with a detection limit of 0.81 pg ml−1 by a 30-min substrate incubation time and a six orders of magnitude linear dynamic range.
Xu, Yan; Halsall, H. Brian; and Heineman, William R., "Solid-Phase Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay with Attomole Detection Limit by Flow Injection Analysis" (1989). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 214.
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