Mediatorless Immunoassay with Voltage-Controlled Intrinsic Amplification for Ultrasensitive and Rapid Detection of Microorganism Pathogens
A mediator-less immunodetection method for microorganisms is realized by incorporating the newly developed field-effect enzymatic detection (FEED) technique with the conventional electrochemical immunosensing approach. The gating voltage of FEED facilitates the transduction of electrical signal through the bulky immune complex so that the detection does not rely on the use of mediators or other diffusional substances. The voltage-controlled intrinsic amplification provided by the detection system allows detection in low-concentration samples without target pre-enrichment, leading to ultrasensitive and rapid detection. The detection approach is demonstrated with E. coli O157:H7, a model microorganism, in milk with an estimated detection limit of 20 CFU mL−1 (where CFU is a colony-forming unit) without performing sample pre-enrichment and centrifugation of sample followed by the resuspension of the pellet in a buffer solution, resulting in a significantly shortened assay time of 67 min. Optimizing the gating voltage resulted in the detection of 12 CFU mL−1 of the bacterium in milk. The novel detection approach can be used as a detection platform for ultrasensitive, specific and rapid detection of microorganism pathogens.
Wang, Jiapeng; Xu, Yan; and Yau, Siu Tang, "Mediatorless Immunoassay with Voltage-Controlled Intrinsic Amplification for Ultrasensitive and Rapid Detection of Microorganism Pathogens" (2014). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 264.