Transcriptional Control of The Human Plasma Membrane Phospholipid Scramblase 1 gene is Mediated by Interferon-α

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Interferons (IFNs) mediate their diverse biologic activities through induction of the expression of multiple genes. Whereas the mode of action of certain of these IFN-regulated genes has been well characterized, most of the molecular and cellular events underlying the constellation of biologic responses to the IFNs remain unresolved. This study showed that the newly identified PLSCR1 gene for phospholipid scramblase, previously implicated in remodeling of plasma membrane phospholipids, is regulated at the transcriptional level by IFN-α. Analysis of 5' flanking genomic sequence In reporter constructs showed that transcriptional control of PLSCR1 was entirely regulated by a single IFN-stimulated response element located in the first exon. A similar induction of PLSCR1 by IFN-α2a was also observed in a variety of other human tumor cell lines as well as in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. In these cell lines, the marked IFN-α2a-induced increase in PLSCR1 protein expression, ranging as high as 10-fold above basal levels, was not accompanied by increased cell surface exposure of phosphatidylserine, suggesting that remodeling of the cell surface requires both exposure to IFN and a second yet-to-be identified event to stimulate plasma membrane phospholipid scramblase activity and to mobilize phosphatidyl-serine to the cell surface.


Supported by grants HL36946 (P.J.S.), HL61200 (T.W.), and HL63819 (P.J.S.) from the Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and by grant CA44059 (R.H.S.) from the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, and by the Stein Endowment Fund.