Quantum Mechanics without Schrödinger: Bohmian Mechanics of de Broglie Waves for a Particle in a Box

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of Progressive Research in Modern Physics and Chemistry


A formulation is proposed for the behavior of a particle in a box based on two assumptions: (1) particles have an associated phase which changes periodically with time as defined by de Broglie, and (2) the transmission of phase information follows optical principles, including reflection at potential boundaries and relativistic Doppler effects. This approach defines optimal trajectories by matching the phase of a source and its reflections. The momentum of the particle is guided by a de Broglie wave which follows the equation R exp {i[w0 (1-v^2/c^2)^-1/2][(t - vz)/c^2]} cos {[w0(1-v^2/c^2)^-1/2/c](vt-z)} This wave is generated by reflections occurring an even number of times, the phase and amplitude of which correspond to Lorentz transforms relative to the time and position, respectively. Nodes are produced by reflections occurring an odd number of times, which can be conceived to generate a wave traveling in the opposite direction and shifted by a phase constant π. Application to an individual particle in an infinite potential well affords the same results for energies and nodes as derived by the Schrödinger equation.