Journal of the American Heart Association
Background:Decreased serum arylesterase activity, catalyzed by the high-density lipoprotein–associated paraoxonase (PON)-1, is associated with increased oxidant stress and atherosclerosis risk. We sought to determine the prognostic value of serum PON-1 activity, as monitored by PON or arylesterase activities, in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD), particularly in relation to established cardiac biomarkers.Methods and Results: Serum arylesterase and PON activities were measured in sequential subjects with CKD (n=630; estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <60 mL/min per 1.73 m2) and an age- and sex-matched control group of non-CKD subjects (n=315) presenting for cardiac evaluations and prospectively followed for incident (3-year) major adverse cardiac events (composite of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke). Serum arylesterase activity in CKD subjects was lower compared with that in non-CKD control subjects [median (interquartile range) 94 (77 to 112) versus 103 (85 to 121) μmol(L·min) per mL, P<0.001]; similarly, PON activity in CKD subjects was lower compared with that in non-CKD control subjects [median (interquartile range) 474 (275 to 936) versus 586 (301 to 1118) nmol(L·min) per mL, P<0.001]. Lower serum arylesterase (hazard ratio 1.8, 95% CI 1.26 to 2.57, P<0.01) was a predictor of poorer outcomes. After adjusting for traditional risk factors and medication use, lower serum arylesterase (hazard ratio 1.55, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.23, P<0.05) still conferred an increased risk of major adverse cardiac events at 3 years. Conclusions: In patients with CKD, decreased serum arylesterase activity, a measure of diminished antioxidant properties of PON-1, predicts higher risk of incident long-term adverse cardiovascular events (heart attack, stroke, or death) in multivariable models adjusting for established clinical and biochemical risk factors.
Kennedy, David J.; Tang, W.H. Wilson; Fan, Yiying; Wu, Yuping; Mann, Shirley; Pepoy, Michael; and Hazen, Stanley L., "Diminished Antioxidant Activity of High-Density Lipoprotein–Associated Proteins in Chronic Kidney Disease" (2013). Mathematics Faculty Publications. 124.
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