Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Publication Title

Journal of Cardiac Failure

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Over the years, several methods have been developed to reliably quantify functional capacity in patients with heart failure. Few studies have investigated the prognostic value of these assessment tools beyond cardiorenal prognostic biomarkers in stable patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: We administered the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) questionnaire, a self-assessment tool comprising 12 questions for estimating functional capacity, to 1,700 stable nonacute coronary syndrome patients with history of heart failure who underwent elective diagnostic coronary angiography with 5-year follow-up of all-cause mortality. In a subset of patients (n = 800), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) was measured. In our study cohort, the median DASI score was 26.2 (interquartile range [IQR] 15.5-42.7). Low DASI score provided independent prediction of a 3.3-fold increase in 5-year mortality risk (quartile 1 vs quartile 4: hazard ratio [HR] 3.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.57-4.36; P < .0001). After adjusting for traditional risk factors, BNP, and estimated glomerular filtration rate, low DASI score still conferred a 2.6-fold increase in mortality risk (HR 2.57, 95% CI 1.64-4.15; P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: A simple self-assessment tool of functional capacity provides independent and incremental prognostic value for mortality prediction in stable patients with chronic heart failure beyond cardiorenal biomarkers.

Comments

National Institutes of Health (R01HL103931, P20HL113452, P01HL076491, P01HL098055), National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements (R01HL103866), and a Cleveland Clinic Clinical Research Unit of the Case Western Reserve University Clinical and Translational Science Award (UL1TR 000439).

DOI

10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.08.013

Version

Postprint

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Volume

21

Issue

1

Included in

Mathematics Commons

Share

COinS