Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging
Background—CMR typically quantifies LV mass (LVM) via manual planimetry (MP), but this approach is time consuming and does not account for partial voxel components - myocardium admixed with blood in a single voxel. Automated segmentation (AS) can account for partial voxels, but this has not been used for LVM quantification. This study used automated CMR segmentation to test the influence of partial voxels on quantification of LVM. Methods and Results—LVM was quantified by AS and MP in 126 consecutive patients and 10 laboratory animals undergoing CMR. AS yielded both partial voxel (ASPV) and full voxel (ASFV) measurements. Methods were independently compared to LVM quantified on echocardiography (echo) and an ex-vivo standard of LVM at necropsy. AS quantified LVM in all patients, yielding a 12-fold decrease in processing time vs. MP (0:21±0:04 vs. 4:18±1:02 min; pFV mass (136±35gm) was slightly lower than MP (139±35; Δ=3±9gm, pPV yielded higher LVM (159±38gm) than MP (Δ=20±10gm) and ASFV (Δ=23±6gm, both pPV and ASFV correlated with larger voxel size (partial r=0.37, pPV yielded better agreement with echo (Δ=20±25gm) than did ASFV (Δ=43±24gm) or MP (Δ=40±22gm, both pPV and ex-vivo results were similar (Δ=1±3gm, p=0.3), whereas ASFV (6±3g, P<0.001) and MP (4±5 g, P=0.02) yielded small but significant differences with LVM at necropsy.
Codella, Noel C.F.; Lee, Hae Yeoun; Fieno, David S.; Chen, Debbie W.; Hurtado Rua, Sandra M.; Kochar, Minisha; Finn, John Paul; Judd, Robert; Goyal, Parag; Schenendorf, Jesse; Cham, Matthew D.; Devereux, Richard B.; Prince, Martin; Wang, Yi; and Weinsaft, Jonathan W., "Improved Left Ventricular Mass Quantification with Partial Voxel Interpolation – In-Vivo and Necropsy Validation of a Novel Cardiac MRI Segmentation Algorithm" (2012). Mathematics Faculty Publications. 269.