The Periodic Steady-State Solution for Queues with Erlang Arrivals and Service and Time-Varying Periodic Transition Rates
We study a queueing system with Erlang arrivals with k phases and Erlang service with m phases. Transition rates among phases vary periodically with time. For these systems, we derive an analytic solution for the asymptotic periodic distribution of the level and phase as a function of time within the period. The asymptotic periodic distribution is analogous to a steady-state distribution for a system with constant rates. If the time within the period is considered part of the state, then it is a steady-state distribution. We also obtain waiting time and busy period distributions. These solutions are expressed as infinite series. We provide bounds for the error of the estimate obtained by truncating the series. Examples are provided comparing the solution of the system of ordinary differential equation with a truncated state space to these asymptotic solutions involving remarkably few terms of the infinite series. The method can be generalized to other level independent quasi-birth-death processes if the singularities of the generating function are known.
Margolius, Barbara, "The Periodic Steady-State Solution for Queues with Erlang Arrivals and Service and Time-Varying Periodic Transition Rates" (2023). Mathematics Faculty Publications. 351.