Computational fluid dynamics modeling was used to characterize the effect of the integration of constrictions defined by the vertices of hyperbolas on the flow structure in microfluidic serpentine channels. In the new topology, the Dean flows characteristic of the pressure-driven fluid motion along curved channels are combined with elongational flows and asymmetric longitudinal eddies that develop in the constriction region. The resulting complex flow structure is characterized by folding and stretching of the fluid volumes, which can promote enhanced mixing. Optimization of the geometrical parameters defining the constriction region allows for the development of an efficient micromixer topology that shows robust enhanced performance across a broad range of Reynolds numbers from Re = 1 to 100.
Tomaras, George; Kothapalli, Chandrasekhar R.; and Fodor, Petru S., "Serpentine Micromixers Using Extensional Mixing Elements" (2022). Physics Faculty Publications. 436.
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