Congruency Between Biophysical Data from Multiple Platforms and Molecular Dynamics Simulation of The Double-Super Helix Model of Nascent High-Density Lipoprotein

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The predicted structure and molecular trajectories from >80 ns molecular dynamics simulation of the solvated Double-Super Helix (DSH) model of nascent high-density lipoprotein (HDL) were determined and compared with experimental data on reconstituted nascent HDL obtained from multiple biophysical platforms, including small angle neutron scattering (SANS) with contrast variation, hydrogen−deuterium exchange tandem mass spectrometry (H/D-MS/MS), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), cross-linking tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), electron spin resonance spectroscopy (ESR), and electron microscopy. In general, biophysical constraints experimentally derived from the multiple platforms agree with the same quantities evaluated using the simulation trajectory. Notably, key structural features postulated for the recent DSH model of nascent HDL are retained during the simulation, including (1) the superhelical conformation of the antiparallel apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) chains, (2) the lipid micellar−pseudolamellar organization, and (3) the solvent-exposed Solar Flare loops, proposed sites of interaction with LCAT (lecithin cholesteryl acyltransferase). Analysis of salt bridge persistence during simulation provides insights into structural features of apoA1 that forms the backbone of the lipoprotein. The combination of molecular dynamics simulation and experimental data from a broad range of biophysical platforms serves as a powerful approach to studying large macromolecular assemblies such as lipoproteins. This application to nascent HDL validates the DSH model proposed earlier and suggests new structural details of nascent HDL.


This study was supported by National Institutes of Health Grants P01 HL098055, P01 HL076491-055328, P01 HL087018-02001, and R01 DK080732-01.