Journal of Chemical Physics
We present the first results for a new supersonic nozzle that decouples nucleation and droplet growth, and closely controls the supersaturation and temperature during nucleation. We characterize the expansions using pressure trace measurements, and the aerosol properties using light scattering and small angle neutron scattering. We show that when nucleation and droplet growth are separated, the aerosol number density decreases, the average particle size increases, and the aerosol can be more monodisperse than that formed in a conventional nozzle. Under these conditions, we can estimate the nucleation rate J as a function of supersaturation S and temperature T directly from the experimental data. For D2O we find that the nucleation rate is 4.3×1015⩽J/cm−3 s−⩽6.0×1015 at 230.1⩽T/K⩽230.4 and 29.2⩽S⩽32.4.
Streletzky, Kiril A.; Zvinevich, Yury; Wyslouzil, Barbara E.; and Strey, Reinhard, "Controlling Nucleation and Growth of Nanodroplets in Supersonic Nozzles" (2002). Physics Faculty Publications. 262.
© 2002 American Institute of Physics.